Coffee and its various types:
Coffee is a fruit tree product called COFFEA, cultivated in more than 70 countries. These countries are located between the Ross Al-Sacramenta and Ross Al-Jadi, which refers to that region as the “coffee belts”. Brazil has the largest share of coffee-producing countries with an annual production of 3 million tons of coffee.
The fruits of the coffee are egg-shaped and hang in a cluster. Each coffee tree has about 2,000 fruit. The first useful impression of this plant is possible 5 years after the cultivation. The interval between flower and fruit is about 7 to 11 months depending on the type of coffee plant. The fruit of the coffee contains two seeds of coffee. The cup is one of the most popular drinks in the world. The effective ingredient of this drink is nothing but caffeine. A cup of coffee contains approximately 100 mg of caffeine. The coffee plant generally has three different types of commercial products. The two species, with the Arabica and Rubostas, have a higher commercial value and a higher volume of production, and the other is the brown tea of Liberia, which is described below.
It has a mild flavor – 70% of the world’s coffee consumption. Its country of origin is East Africa (Ethiopia). Height is 800 to 2200. Ideal temperature is 15 to 24 ° C. The ideal rainfall is from 1000 to 1200 ml. Genetics 44 chromosomes and…….
Bitter taste. It accounts for 30 percent of the world’s coffee consumption – Its country of origin is the state of West Africa and Central Africa (Uganda). Height is 0 to 800 meters. Ideal temperature is 22 to 30 ° C. The ideal rainfall is from 1800 to 2200 ml. Genetic 22 chromosomes and…….
Another type, the brown liberica, is produced in a limited way for marginal consumption. The major coffee producers are Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Mexico, India, Ethiopia, Uganda, Guatemala and Jamaica.