Apple trees are being planted in most of the countries and its fruit is being found all around the world. Apple has different types: wild type, sweet and sour but the fruit is sweet and fleshy. Apple is in third place of breeding fruits in the world after Citrus –like orange, sweet lemon, sour lemon, Grapefruit- and banana.
Apple should have smooth and bright skin with clear color and it should be hard without any spots. Apple aroma is one of the important properties for determining the apple’s quality. One the other important properties is the Appropriate time for picking them, if there are lots of apples without tail in the package we can understand that time for picking the apples was later than the appropriate time so it shorten the keeping time for the apples. We shouldn’t keep apples next to vegetables or other fruits because it shorten the apples life.
One of the apples properties is it’s A, B and C vitamin and potassium. Apple helps in regulation of blood pressure, decreasing high blood pressures, teeth and gums health, preventing joint’s pain and Gout, decreasing blood cholesterol and blood sugar, and preventing all kind of cancers to happen. Because of all this usefulness of apple, it has a big role in currency making for producer countries.
Gardeners produce apple as a delicious fruit and export it to other countries markets. Apple that some people call it tree apple has different types, wild type which is small and grown type which is large. Apple is a currency making product because of its exportation. And because it’s a useful fruit for body, people use it in different ways such as cooking, raw eating, making other product out of it and also for curing some disease.
Apple’s exporting from Iran
According to statistics, in 2012, approximately 76 million ton apple had been produced in the world, half of it were in China. USA is the second producer and Turkey, Poland, India and Italy are in third to sixth place. Iran is in the 11th place in producing apple. Main Iran’s apple producing states are west and east Azerbaijan, Tehran, Fars, Isfahan, Khorasan Razavi, Hamedan and Chahar Mahal bakhtiari. West Azerbaijan had exported apple to 13 countries including Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Egypt, Kuwait, Syria, England, Afghanistan and UAE because of its great quality.
Iran is one of the biggest producers of all kind of apples in the world but unfortunately because of lack of management and support and not regarding packaging for exporting products, Iran is in low rank of exporting apple. Technical Criteria for exporting apples are size and weight of the fruits in each pack should be uniforms and maximum 1 percent of fruits can be corrupted or have internal damages.
Features of exportable apples are being wholesome and without flaw, spot, black spot, strike, withered, colored spots on the skin, fraction, and inside of the fruit should be without any Osteoporosis, Dehydration and brown spots. For packing size and weight of the fruits in a pack should be uniform and there should be some pores for air purifying, and the way we pack, its weight or size or materials used for packing should be in the way that the customer asked.
|Product name||variety||size||Packing type||Growing Region||Comments|
|Apple||Red – Golden||80-250 gr||1-2-3 row plastic basket|
14kg plastic basket
|Mazandaran – Fars - Khuzestan|